At least 77 people were reported dead in Samoa, more than 25 in American Samoa and at least six in Tonga. Global historical tsunami data, including more information about the Samoa Islands 2009 earthquake and tsunami, are available via interactive maps and a variety of web services.  Journalist Cherelle Jackson reported that the city quickly emptied in the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami, "All the schools, workplaces everyone has walked up – it's like a ghost town. But by early Tuesday morning, residents and tourists alike had an unpleasant awakening.  While initial Tsunami … At least three major waves hit, with the highest 22 meters on the southern coast of Tafahi. (PhysOrg.com) -- Samoa's tsunami detection, monitoring and warning system works well and could not have prevented the more than 100 deaths caused by … On September 29, 2009, a powerful tsunami hit American Samoa, Samoa, and Northern Tonga: in Samoa, there were 143 reported deaths and an estimated 5,274 people became homeless. [dead link] Tulafono was monitoring events in American Samoa, but was having difficulties reaching the territory because of communications failures. , A Radio New Zealand International correspondent reported that the center of Pago Pago, the largest city in American Samoa, had sustained heavy damage in the tsunami, with its main street flooded, cars overturned, and shoreline businesses damaged. Since the earthquakes occurred so close in time, scientists have not been able to distinguish which earthquake occurred first, or which caused a bigger tsunami. The 2nd Sumatra earthquake caused an estimated 1,117 deaths to that island, while other majors events struck Italy or Costa Rica.Also notable, the 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami registered an 8.1 on the moment magnitude scale, the most powerful earthquake in 2009.The tsunami associated with the Samoa earthquake caused tsunami advisories …  Three people are missing and four sustained serious injuries. Both political leaders immediately returned to Samoa. The difference in magnitude was … On September 29, 2009, an M 8.1 earthquake in the Samoa Islands region of the South Pacific Ocean caused a tsunami that resulted in 100's of lost lives. Brian Atwater, a tsunami expert for the US geological service, said that although the earthquake and tsunami were big, the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, which … UPDATE - Here is an update and maps on the 7.9 earthquake and tsunami in Samoa today September 29, 2009.  Luckily, many of the residents were able to evacuate to higher places during the first and second smaller waves. , The water system was also damaged in the earthquake, and the supply of fresh water to eastern parts of American Samoa has been disrupted due to broken water lines. If you do a news search for the Sept. 29, 2009 Samoa earthquake, about 10 hits will come up. , Samoa evacuated people from the entire city of Apia, the country's capital city on the island of Upolu and moving thousands of residents to higher ground. The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong). Maps 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami. On September 29, 2009, an earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale struck 190 km southwest of American Samoa, 4 an island territory with a population of 57 291 people.  Air New Zealand arranged for larger Boeing 777 aircraft to carry in relief workers and evacuate tourists to Auckland, and fly the Samoan Prime Minister back to his country. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).It was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … , There were no reports of any damage to Vavaʻu island group or to the main island of Tongatapu, where the capital, Nukuʻalofa, is.   Officials in the Cook Islands, which hosted the 2009 Pacific Mini Games, noted that the tsunami passed without any damage to the country. On September 29, 2009, at 17:48 UTC (6:48 a.m. local time), a magnitude 8.1 earthquake struck midway between Samoa and American Samoa, a U.S. territory. , Other reports outlined coastal damage from a 13-foot (4.0 m) wave on the islands. Approximately 192 families were left homeless and the homes of 143 additional families were damaged in the tsunami in the villages of Hihifo, Falehau and Vaipoa. Samoa. Leone a small village on a bay was particularly hard-hit. For more information on how you can prepare for a tsunami, visit the National Tsunami Hazard Mitigation Program. Unlike the other islands of French Polynesia, the Marquesas have no protective coral reefs which would absorb the impact of a potential tsunami. Tutuila island, which is located 250 km from the earthquake epi-center, experienced tsunami ﬂooding and strong currents on … Deaths: 500+ 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami. Courtesy of NOAA NCEI.] At their highest, the waves from the resulting tsunami were measured at 45 feet, and they traveled up to a mile inland in places, swallowing up villages and causing widespread destruction.  The USS Ingraham (FFG-61) was en route to American Samoa and was the first U.S. military asset to arrive and assist in the recovery efforts. As of November 29, 2009, the reported death toll was about 160 but it may have been higher. Concern centered on the Marquesas Islands, the northernmost archipelago in French Polynesia. On thinglink.com, edit images, videos and 360 photos in one place. On September 29, 2009, an earthquake measuring 8.3 on the Richter scale struck 190 km southwest of American Samoa, 4 an island territory with a population of 57 291 people. New Zealand Prime Minister John Key arrived in Samoa on 3 October and visited some of the most damaged areas on Upolu including the villages of Poutasi and Lalolamu. 2009 Samoa Earthquake and Tsunami. , The Los Angeles Times, quoting a source at the National Park of American Samoa, reported that "four tsunami waves, 15 to 20 ft (4.6 to 6 m) high", and "reaching up to a mile (1.6 km) inland" hit American Samoa shortly after the earthquake.  Warnings also remained in Tuvalu, one of the lowest lying countries in the world.. Since the 2009 tsunami, Samoa has taken many preparedness measures: Established a 24/7 National Earthquake and Tsunami Warning Center and built an Emergency Operations Center to support disasters, Upgraded its warning dissemination systems to include island-wide sirens and SMS to essential village and national representatives, churches, schools, NGOs, and the private sector. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial damage and loss of life in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga.  Residents were warned to conserve and boil water until safe drinking water supplies can be restored, which could take some time. In the main villages of Hihifo, Falehau, and Vaipoa, flow heights measured 4 to 7 meters. 1:08pm - The confirmed number of deaths in Samoa following this morning's magnitude 8.3 earthquake and tsunami is expected to rise as rescue teams make their way to the worst affected areas. Honolulu: International Tsunami Information Center. Various factors explain why the Samoa earthquake caused a massive tsunami and the Indonesia quake, with a magnitude of 7.6, did not. The 1977 Sumba magnitude 8.2-8.3 outer-rise earthquake resulted in 189 deaths in Indonesia. 10:07PM BST 29 Sep 2009 The quake hit closest to Hihifo Tonga and Pago Pago. With over 30 deaths in the U.S. territory of American Samoa, the 2009 event caused the largest number of deaths in America due to a tsunami in the 21st Century. The monument is called the Healing Garden. While initial Tsunami reports […] Aid flows to tsunami-hit Samoas as deaths hit 119 September 29, 2009 an 8.0-magnitude quake and tsunami struck American Samoa in the early morning offshore. Samoa Tsunami 2009 by lydia francis — 747 Samoa Tsunami 2009 by lydia francis — 747 Bring your visual storytelling to the next level. The 2009 Samoa earthquake was an 8.1 M w submarine earthquake that took place in the Samoan Islands region at 06:48:11 local time on September 29, 2009 (17:48:11 UTC, September 29). Start now. UPDATE: PAGO PAGO, American Samoa - Officials in American Samoa say at least 14 people were killed when a tsunami swept ashore in the South Pacific country after a powerful earthquake hit nearby.  Among the initial U.S. government response is a Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) logistics team and staff from the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Coast Guard, Federal Aviation Administration, and Department of Defense. , A Red Cross worker reported to Radio New Zealand that waves 10 feet (3 m) high had flattened beachside resorts on Upolu, and that residents told him the tourist zone of Lalomanu had been crushed by a wall of water about 20–30 ft (6.1–9.1 m) high. The earthquake was followed by a tsunami that produced several large waves causing 32 confirmed deaths, more than a hundred injuries and the destruction of about 200 homes and businesses.  289 families lived in residences which escaped damage in the disaster.  A new school building remained standing and provided some shelter. US & World Aid flows to tsunami-hit Samoas as deaths hit 119 September 29, 2009 an 8.0-magnitude quake and tsunami struck American Samoa in the early morning offshore. Here are maps of the American Samoa earthquake and tsunami today September 29, 2009 near Hihifo Tonga and Pago Pago. Samoa is returning to normal, rebuilding its infrastructure and clearing up the debris left by the tsunami. A magnitude 8.0 earthquake struck off Samoa at 6.48 am local time Tuesday 29 September, followed by a destructive Tsunami of waves 15 to 20 feet high that reach up to a mile inland struck Samoa eastern coasts. With over $200 million dollars in damages, the islands were ravaged both physically and economically. NCEI is the global data and information service for tsunamis. An Uncommon Event. The 2009 earthquake generated a tsunami with wave heights of over 22 m on Tafahi Island, Tonga and 14 m on Upolu Island, Samoa. Scroll down for photos and video of the earthquake and tsunami damage. , The eastern part of the island remains without power or water supplies after the earthquake. The tsunami caused extensive coastal damage and 149 deaths in Samoa, 9 deaths in Tonga, 34 deaths in American Samoa, and over $200 million in damage. The cargo and passenger ship Aranui 3, which had been docked in Taiohae Bay on Nuku Hiva in the Marquesas, the area most impacted by a small tsunami wave, immediately evacuated the bay for open water. 5 | ReliefWeb", "Up to six NZers feared dead in tsunami – National – NZ Herald News", "Tonga Airports Limited – Airport Info > Niuatoputapu – Mata'aho Airport", "Teams arrive on Tonga's Niuatoputapu at epicentre", "The death toll on a remote Tongan island has risen to nine", "Teams reach Tongan victims – Samoa tsunami – NZ Herald News", "Service held in Tonga for tsunami victims", "Seven confirmed dead from tsunami in Tonga", "Papeete measures 5 small waves during tsunami red alert", "French Polynesia will help islands hit by tsunami", "Surfer survived Samoa tsunami by riding out the waves", "PM John Key to view Samoan damage | Stuff.co.nz", "Tsunami toll could have been worse: Samoan PM – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)", "EC announces aid for Samoan tsunami victims – Foreign", "NZ Red Cross Aid Worker And Equipment to Samoa", "LDS Church continues Samoan relief efforts | Deseret News", "National Next of Kin Registry (NOKR) offers assistance", "ADRA NZ » Blog Archive » Samoa Disaster: ADRA Visits Villages, Meets Survivors", "Samoa appeal closes topping $3.5 millon", "Oxfam sets up rapid response emergency fund for Samoa", "Tsunami Claims Lives in Samoa, Warning Called Off for Most Countries in Region", "TSUNAMI BULLETIN NUMBER 001 – PACIFIC TSUNAMI WARNING CENTER/NOAA/NWS – ISSUED AT 1804Z SEP 29, 2009", "Quake, tsunami near American Samoa kills at least 22", "Highest tides expected near Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo as tsunami advisory prompts L.A. beach closures", "Earthquake List for Map of S Pacific Region", A family devastated by the tsunami – full interview, Tsunami stories of luck and sorrow at airport, Tsunami Animation: Samoan Islands, 29 September 2009, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2009_Samoa_earthquake_and_tsunami&oldid=999012450, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from July 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Aid funds are also being organised by the. UPDATE – Here is an update and maps on the 7.9 earthquake and tsunami in Samoa today September 29, 2009. A tsunami … Three earthquakes (measuring 8.1 and 7.8) triggered the tsunami that swept ashore, killing 192 people. Reference: Kong, L., P. Dunbar, and N. Arcos (2015). , French High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat warned residents of the Marquesas to seek shelter at an elevation of at least 10 m (33 ft) above sea level. There were no reports of high waves from Vanuatu, Kiribati, New Caledonia and the Solomon Islands. Countries affected by the tsunami in the areas that were hit are American Samoa, Samoa and Tonga (Niuatoputapu) where more than 189 people were killed, especially children, most of them in Samoa. 2009 samoa earthquake and tsunami map. Though this tsunami was not a Pacific-wide hazard, it was very destructive near the earthquake and killed 192 people in Samoa, American Samoa, and Tonga. , High Commissioner Adolphe Colrat cancelled the tsunami red alert at 12:03 pm on Tuesday for all areas of French Polynesia except the Marquesas.  The alert for the Marquesas Islands was extended 2:50 pm until the threat had passed. , On 2 October 2009, an estimated 3000 people were homeless and seeking refuge in shelters set up around the worst-affected villages. The government had initially feared a wave of approximately 90 cm (35 in), with the ability to strike all parts of the sprawling territory. 2009 Tsunami: 31 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami: American Samoa and nearby islands 189 total deaths, with 31 in American Samoa. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center recorded a 3-inch (76 mm) rise in sea levels near the epicenter, and New Zealand scientists determined that the waves measured 14 metres (46 ft) at their highest on the Samoan coast. This recognition promotes the territory’s ongoing efforts at hardening its warning dissemination (sirens, emergency alert system, social media), conducting regular community and school outreach, and creating evacuation maps and response plans with regular drills. The tsunami waves measuring 4.5m at peak first arrived at Pago Pago, American Samoa approximately 250 km from earthquake epicenter. This is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, where tectonic plates in the Earth's lithosphere meet and earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. The New Zealand Red Cross appeal raised donations amounting to almost NZ$3.5 million.
It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. " FRANZ stands for France, Australia and New Zealand, three large countries who traditionally provide aid in Oceania following natural disasters. Power outages were reported, and phone lines were jammed. In American Samoa, the average wave heights were 4 m with a maximum of almost 18 m at Poloa, Tutuila Island.  The first tsunami wave at 11:10 am measured 25 cm (10 in), while the second recorded wave was measured at 35 cm (14 in) at 11:23 am The waves gradually increased in size, with the fifth, and last wave, being recorded at 70 cm (28 in) tall at 12:03 pm. [ Cars in a parking lot were destroyed after the first wave hit in Pago Pago, American Samoa, in … A tsunami is a … Previous message: [Vignet] Samoa Earthquake/Tsunami Next message: [Vignet] Samoa Earthquake/Tsunami Messages sorted by: The huge earthquake churned up …  Elsewhere there were reports of landslides near Solosolo and damage to plantations near Apia. The New Zealand helicopter carrying ship HMNZS Canterbury was sent to Samoa (also offloading aid and personnel in Tonga). French Polynesia escaped much of the damage inflicted against other Polynesian countries and territories by the earthquake.  Tonga's acting Prime Minister Lord Tuita said the government is sending a second plane to Niuatoputapu, but that communication links have been damaged. Lieutenant Governor Ipulasi Aitofele Sunia announced that the earthquake had caused severe damage to American Samoa's electrical infrastructure. It was possible that a strongly decreased wave could reach Hawaii.  Large numbers of American Samoans were said to have been left injured or homeless.  Samoan officials confirmed the runway at Faleolo International Airport on Upolu was safe by early afternoon (30 September 2009). , Relief efforts undertaken by the Tongan government and Red Cross focused on Niuatoputapu, with support from Australia, New Zealand and France. Damaged telephone lines made it difficult to assess the casualties and thedestruction from both earthquake and tsunami. The earthquake generated tsunami waves of up to 22 meters (72 feet) that engulfed the shores, killing at least 192 people; 149 in Samoa, 34 in American Samoa, and 9 in Niuatoputapu, Tonga. , Other aid came from concerned individuals and groups throughout the world, namely New Zealand, Australia, the United States and Canada. These were distributed within the islands by RNZAF Bell UH-1H helicopters. The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs said that around 3,200 Samoans have been forced from their homes, while the death toll stands at 137 people, with 310 injured and six still missing in the aftermath of the 8.0 magnitude earthquake on the ocean bed.OCHA said that assessments by the Samoan Red Cross (SRC) indicate that the 29 September earthquake, with its … Thanks to education and outreach efforts held over the summer and fall of 2009, many organizations and individuals knew the signs of an impending tsunami and had developed tsunami evacuation plans. The 2009 Samoa earthquake and tsunami took place on 29 September 2009 in the southern Pacific Ocean adjacent to the Kermadec-Tonga subduction zone.The submarine earthquake occurred in an extensional environment and had a moment magnitude of 8.1 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VI (Strong).It was the largest earthquake of 2009.. A tsunami was generated which caused substantial … Cars in a parking lot were destroyed after the first wave hit in Pago Pago, American Samoa, in September 2009. Samoan Prime Minister Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi, and his Deputy Prime Minister Misa Telefoni Retzlaff were in Auckland, New Zealand, at the time of the earthquake. Oxfam New Zealand set up a rapid response emergency fund at their website. It resulted in many deaths and left tousands of people homeless. According to the February 19 U.S. Drought Monitor, moderate to exceptional drought covers 13.1% of the United States. Widespread damage was reported to the infrastructure at Pago Pago, American Samoa, in many parts of Samoa and on Niuatoputapu, Tonga.  New Zealand's Minister of Foreign Affairs Murray McCully visited Apia to co-ordinate New Zealand's emergency relief effort. Add text, web link, video & audio hotspots on top of your image and 360 content. Explore content created by others. 9. It was the largest earthquake of 2009.  The main electricity generator in Satala had been damaged, which knocked out power from the central village of Faga'alu across Tutuila to the eastern village of Onenoa. Villages were "wiped out" by a tsunami that hit the South Pacific after a powerful 8.0 magnitude earthquake off the coast of Samoa, and people had been reported missing. The 2009 Samoa outer-rise earthquake may have resulted in comparable fatalities and was the fourth largest outer-rise earthquake that has been instrumentally recorded since 1900. Also, basic needs and basic commodities, including electrical generators, medical supplies, and pharmaceutical drugs were sent out, and multiple planes are being prepared for more cargo and personnel, including FEMA, HHS, and Coast Guard staff and experts from the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and Red Cross. 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