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The phases of the spawning process include Pre-spawn, spawn, and post-spawn. Wet your hands and don’t allow the fish to touch the ground to prevent the bass from losing its slime. Water temperatures are reaching that magic range between 55- and 65-degrees, which triggers the largemouth bass spawn. On the initial cast, let that lure drop to the bottom and sit there. Keep in mind that the water temperature that sends the bass to the beds is the temperature where the pre-spawn bass hang out, … As spring moves on, largemouth bass begin preparation for the spawning season. After ice-out in late winter or early spring, bass begin moving from deeper areas where they spent the winter toward rapidly warming shallow waters. Largemouth Bass Reproduction. Surface baits that are noisy and scare the fry become a tempting target to the male bass. From there, the eggs are fertilized and hatched. Largemouth Bass Food. Bass have a protective layer of mucus covering their body that helps prevent parasites and infections. Why Fish for Largemouth Bass? Popularized by numerous fishing shows and professional fishing organizations, the largemouth has gained a loyal following from bass fishing enthusiasts and beginning anglers alike. When the water temperature is between 55 and 65 degrees, largemouth bass will seek out a shallow, protected area for spawning. Individual females usually contain 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound of body weight, with an average of about 4,000 eggs per female. Therefore, not all bass will spawn at the same time. Doing so puts you in the best possible position to fish the bass spawning season. Depending on where you live, the bass spawn could come sooner or later. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The behavior and activity of the fish vary depending on the season and the phase of the spawn. We should, however, note that the season may change depending on the given latitude. They won’t actually feed while protecting the eggs, so you don’t necessarily need to use a bait that mimics the prey of the fish. (phew!) As the water gets warmer, the largemouth will consume much more food in protein because this helps egg development in the females. Males build the nests in two to eight feet of water. Historically, New Jersey does not have the reputation for producing world class trophies. Year-old bass weighing less than 4 ounces have always failed to spawn. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. In these shallow areas of lakes, you can sight fish for spawning bass either from a boat or the bank. Do this start and stop for as long as your lure is in the spawning area. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. You can tell a largemouth bass by the distinctive jagged edged stripes on either side of the fish created by a series of dark spots. Intrested in fishing for spawning bass at Ohio’s best fishing club, check out the fishing membership options at Briarwood Sporting Club. Spawning takes place in the spring season when the water temperature first holds steady above 60˚F. Largemouth bass belongs to the sunfish family.,, Fishing for Spawning Bass | Approaches That Work in Lakes, © Copyright - Briarwood Sporting Club, Inc. - Powered by. Bass typically spawn from early spring into the summer, displaying latitude variation between northern and south - ern climates, with spawning times ranging from February Once again, look for areas that are protected from possible predators and make sure that it is out of rough waters. In areas such as Texas or Florida, the bass spawn in the months of February and March. The difference between OS and spring in fry per spawn was observed in 2 of the 3 years. The process of building a nest, finding a mate, hatching and protecting the eggs only takes up to 3 weeks. Look for shallow waters near the northwest side of the lake along the shoreline but make sure that the water is between 50 or 60-degrees. Largemouth bass becomes sexually mature when they are about a year old only. They will select a sand or gravel bottom, or soft bottom with nearby objects like roots, twigs, and snail shells on which to attach the eggs. I live in Northern Illinois and was involved in setting up the first high school fishing tournament series in the country over 10 years ago. General Facts. After spawning with a female is complete, male bass remain at the nest to guard the eggs and then the newly hatched fry. They look to attack anything that gets too close to the nest, but they don’t actually kill the intruder unless it returns for a second time. Bass find a sturdy, hard bottomed area to build a nest to begin the spawn. Cloudy, windy and rainy days can all impact how well you are able to sight fish for spawning largemouth bass. Its scientific name is Micropterus Salmoides, which officially declares it to be a sunfish. A good strategy for fishing spawning areas blindly is to stop and start your presentations. Largemouth bass usually reach sexual maturity and begin spawning when they are about a year old. The males will still remain in the shallow waters below where the eggs are. Bass usually spawn at the end of spring into early summer. Fishing shallow water and not being able to see the fish you are casting at puts you at a huge disadvantage. The farther south you are located, the sooner the spawn happens. A single female can release 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound in body weight. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Largemouth bass, the state fish of five US states, is a popular catch. This is the last phase of the spawning process. This could occur as early as February or as late as May, depending one where one is in the state. Of course, the largemouth bass spawn will drive fish shallow but not all bass in an entire lake will be in that single spot. Omkar Phatak Feb 12, 2020 . Largemouth bass spawn when a female lays eggs and a male secrets semen onto the eggs. Largemouth bass are the most sought after freshwater fish nationwide. The best time to catch bass is during the actual spawn. There is no secret that the best place to fish for spawning bass in lakes is in the shallows. Largemouth bass are relatively synchronous regionally in their reproductive cycle. HABITAT: Largemouth bass inhabit clear, vegetated lakes, ponds, swamps, and the backwaters of pools, creeks and rivers. Catching spawning bass comes down to two basic strategies. When hatched the school remains for about 3 to 4 weeks under their father’s protection before dispersing. When the water reaches about 50 or 60-degrees, the bass move in shallow and find a protected place to spawn. The best time to catch bass is during the actual spawn. In this, the first documentary in a series on Largemouth Bass behavior, see the spawn like you've never seen it before. With proper stocking and feeding procedures, this variety of bass can grow up to 3 pounds a year. ... On the contrary, experts recommend going out between April and May in order to improve your largemouth bass numbers. Because of this, crawfish are heavily targeted as a source of protein. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Even in dirty water or on cloudy days, bass are going to be on those shallow flats spawning so long as the bass are spawning. In fact, there are two other spots to target when fishing for spawning bass on lakes. Larger fish prey upon smaller bass. Although most anglers will focus on shallow water during the bass spawning season, these transitional zones hold bass that are either not spawning yet or are using the area to feed. Largemouth Bass Facts Largemouth Bass belongs to the Sunfish family. The process of building a nest, finding a mate, hatching and protecting the eggs only takes up to 3 weeks. This is especially true at the Briarwood Ohio fishing club, where you can catch the spawning action and catch world class bass. Most anglers believe that there is only one place to find bass during the spawning season, as described above. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Additionally, some lakes and even entire states have restrictions on specifically targeting spawning bass on beds. Unlike many other types, largemouth is quite slow-swimming bottom dwellers. This improves their vision exponentially. In experimental ponds at this Station, largemouth bass never have spawned at less than 10 to 12 months of age. Look for shallow flats that have protection from rough water. Any angler fishing during this time should use a bait that imitates one of these animals that pose a threat to bass eggs. The process is dependent on the water temperature being a consistent 60°F/15.5°C to commence. If you don’t know when the spawn happens, you can miss out on a great day on the lake! Adult Largemouth Bass have white meat that offers a firm yet tender texture. Males will not usually choose a spawning area that is 30 feet (9.14 m) or closer to another fish’ territory. The males build saucer shaped nests 20 - 30 inches in diameter. Largemouth bass are greedy predators and become territorial during their spawning season. Start jigging and dragging whichever particular lure you are fishing with and stop it again. When looking for a spawning area, look for black and white patches marking the bottom of the lake. Sight fishermen catch big bass while looking for the spawning area. Bass use these areas to feed aggressively just prior to spawning. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The motto of the largemouth bass is "If it moves, eat it!" The Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides), is commonly known to anglers as the black bass, bigmouth, green bass, green trout, Florida bass, Oswego bass, the southern largemouth and most affectionately as old bucketmou… How to Catch Bass in Cold, Winter Conditions. If you are sure the bass spawning season is in full swing, then fish those spawning grounds regardless of conditions. Largemouth bass prefer spawning areas with a ï¬ rm bottom of sand, mud or gravel. An aggressive male may pick it up at that point or more likely the fish you spooked off the beds takes a few moments to come back and then bites it. Sometimes the bed fishing activity is tough or perhaps you are fishing one of those alternative spots during the bass spawning season. Spawning can be a great time to fish for largemouth bass. It is also known as widemouth bass, black bass, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green trout, Oswego bass, southern largemouth and northern largemouth too! The spawning season begins in early spring once ice is thawed. A bass will eat anything it can swallow and it can swallow a lot due to its large "bucketmouth" and flexible stomach. Largemouth Bass Spawning. In the northern region of the United States, this usually occurs anywhere from late April until early July. Largemouth bass prefer spawning areas with a firm bottom of sand, mud or gravel. Largemouth bass are an important predator species in the fish communities they inhabit. Anything that is loud or shiny should do the trick. This area is usually about 10 feet (3.05 m) from the shore meaning the depth should be about 1 to 6 feet (1.83 m). In lakes throughout the country, fishing for spawning bass is some of the best bass fishing of the year. A single female can release 2,000 to 7,000 eggs per pound in body weight. The bass spawn is when bass lay, fertilize, and hatch their eggs. The spawning areas can usually be found near a log or a different underwater structure that it can use for protection. This article goes into more detail on how to catch bass during the spawn. Large lakes take longer to warm up and some areas warm up faster than others, so don’t expect the bass to spawn at the exact same time. The entire process can take as little as 3 weeks in some spots! Young largemouth bass eat insects and small fish, including smaller bass. Fishing opportunities for catching largemouth bass are prolific in the spring. This temperature is usually achieved in … Peak spawning occurs when water temperature is 64 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit. Bass will be positioned in areas such as the backs of creeks, coves, gravel flats and sandy openings around shoreline vegetation. The Best Time to Catch Bass During the Spawn. I am a high school science teacher, a high school fishing coach and have been an avid multi-species fisherman my entire life. They spawn into the pit and the eggs are then guarded alternately by the male and female. Let’s start with the obvious reason: they are good eating! Fact: Water temperature, not moon phase, triggers spawning. Not to worry, there are alternative places during the largemouth bass spawn to catch fish. The male guards the nest and eggs from all intruders, until the fish hatch. Steve discusses seven interesting facts about largemouth bass. Definitely reeling in a large female from her bed will disrupt her spawning cycle. best place to fish for spawning bass in lakes, ideal places for fishing for spawning bass on lakes, Fishing opportunities for catching largemouth bass, Carolina rigged craw in natural or dark colors. They feed on minnows, bluegill, and shad. 7. They can usually be found in deeper water resting from the spawn. The eggs are guarded by the male. However, one of the greatest misunderstood largemouth bass spawning facts is that they can only be found in shallow flats during the spawn. Largemouth Bass may live for 13 years.� These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Spawning activity of largemouth bass is closely related to rising water temperatures after winter. However, one of the greatest misunderstood largemouth bass spawning facts is that they can only be found in shallow flats during the spawn. Adult largemouth bass utilize submerged aquatic vegetation as cover to ambush prey and juvenile or young largemouth use aquatic weeds, tree limbs or submerged log or stumps as cover to escape predation. In states such as Illinois or Indiana, the bass spawn from April to May. Large sunken brush piles, large underwater boulder outcrops and dense submerged shorelines are all ideal places for fishing for spawning bass on lakes. Myth 8: Bass spawn during a full moon. There are many days in the spring where the weather and water will not cooperate with this bass fishing strategy. Of course, the largemouth bass spawn will drive fish shallow but not all bass in an entire lake will be in that single spot. However, if you choose to cook one, you have an assortment of cooking styles at your disposal. Mean OS fry per spawn values (4,000-7,000) were lower than spring production totals that averaged 6,000-12,000 fry per spawn. For days like these during the largemouth bass spawn, you have to change your fishing strategies in order to be successful. Subspecies: Spotted Bass vs. Largemouth Bass. After the cycle is completely done in the spring, the bass begin to become predators again. What is spawning? By using our website, you accept our use of cookies. Bass will be there and even though you can’t sight fish you can still blind cast flipping baits and craws through those areas. Facts: The largemouth bass is considered the most prized gamefish in North America. They spawn towards the end of winters in southern parts of America and during springs in the northern regions. Northern Largemouth Bass (Micropterus salmoides salmoides) ... Actual spawning occurs when the male and female tilt on their sides, with their vents in close proximity, and release eggs and sperm. Use a shiny bait that mimics a shad because the bass are hunting for these fish. They will attack any loud noise or flashy bait, as these could be an animal that might pose a threat to the eggs. Approach carefully and maneuver cautiously in these shallow areas as you can and will spook bass right off the beds if you are careless. Anything that is loud or shiny should do the trick. Their spawning activity is mostly determined by the water temperature. Concentrate your strategies on knowing where bass will be (and where they won’t), having the best lures for spawning largemouth bass, and options for when spawning bass disappear. When matured, largemouth bass usually spawns from late winter to late spring. However, as long as that fish is returned after caught, she will return to her pre-catch spawning activities. Along with water temperature, spring largemouth location is driven by spawning behavior, so fishin… Bluegill, bream, crawfish, and some turtles will attack the bass’ nest. You … Read on to know some interesting facts about them. Its scientific name is Micropterus Salmoides, which officially declares it to be a sunfish. Its aggressive feeding habits and fine flesh makes it a favorite amongst landowners in Texas. Like most anglers, you are going to be sight fishing bass on beds, where legal, when fishing for spawning bass. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Hatchery managers who make a living spawning bass report bass spawning on all moon phases. Generally, the Northwest side of lakes and the upper areas of reservoirs warm up first. The phases of the spawning process include Pre-spawn, spawn, … Amounts were comparable to reports of 4,680-18,510 eggs per female and fecundity ranges generally established for largemouth bass. Which one you use depends on which spots you are fishing for spawning bass. Shiny baits that mimic small fish are also a good choice for grabbing the attention of a defensive bass. In Texas spawning begins in the spring when water temperatures reach about 60°F. Dissolved oxygen is also an important hydrological condition essential to largemouth bass h… That's the largemouth bass motto. Earn money writing articles for High School Fishing Central! This video covers largemouth bass anatomy including the pectoral fins, caudal (tail) fin, the soft dorsal fin, eyes, jaw, vent, lateral line, etc. Transitional areas are distinct and well-defined places on the lake where deeper water meets shallower water. However, early spring weather is unpredictable, and as the water temperature in the shallows fluctuates from day to day, bass will move back and forth between shallow and deep water. The eggs and semen mix, fertilizing the eggs. Physical features: Spotted Bass vs. Largemouth Bass. Look for depth changes well over 10-feet in a short distance. They are very hungry, so they will still chase after baits. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to The spawning area needs to have direct sunlight hitting it in order for the male to consider spawning there. This article picture was provided by Lures that have the color and proportions of a crawfish are the best option for mimicking what the bass look for during this time of year. In that case, the best spring bass lures would include these baits. Largemouth Bass – The distinction and similarity between largemouth and other basses in this family are quite clear. The defensive bass won’t attack it for food but as a threat to the survival of its eggs. However, our overlooked … The first place you can find fish during the spawn in transitional areas. Their eyes are located in their head and their mouth is almost always open, just like an opening for a mouthful.

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